Hoover Junior – manufacturers of Electric Suction Sweepers by Appointment to King George VI.
The first upright vacuum cleaner was patented in Ohio, USA by William Henry Hoover in 1908. The Junior Hoover came to the US market in 1949 and was then introduced to the UK. This model pictured is likely to be have been made in the 1950’s at the Hoover Building in Perivale, London. The Hoover Junior was a smaller more compact hoover than previous models and became the biggest selling hoover in the UK.
When plugged in and turned on the bag inflates allowing dirt and dust to be sucked straight into the material bag. Removing the dirt after hoovering was a messy process. The bag needed to be unscrewed at the bottom, the spring unclipped and then slide open at the top. This allowed you to turn the bag upside down and shake the dirt out. Later models had a zip to make dirt removal easier and paper bags inserted within this to contain all the dirt. By the 1970’s cloth bags had been replaced with plastic boxes, although paper bags were still required.
The base is made of metal and Bakelite. The roller has small bushes to sweep and suck the dirt up to the bag. On some models the metal plate at the front removes to enable connection of the cleaning tool attachments. Under the plate is a metal fan plus a belt attached to a spindle that moves the roller with the brushes to turn around.
In 1995, Candy Group acquired the European side of the business and continue to make Hoovers.